Finland has been an IOM Member State since 1991. Following an agreement with the Finnish Government, IOM established the Regional Office for the Baltic and Nordic States in Helsinki in 1994. In July 2005, the IOM office in Helsinki extended its regional coverage beyond the Nordic and Baltic States to include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine.
Following IOM's global restructuring exercise in 2011, the regional offices in Brussels and Vienna took over responsibility for most countries previously covered by the IOM office in Helsinki. Since July 2011, IOM Finland is responsible for implementing a wide range of migration-related activities in Finland, Sweden and Iceland, and in addition supervises the IOM offices in Denmark and Estonia; it also remains a focal point for IOM's resource mobilization in the Nordic region.